The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared tiger reserve, lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills (Blue Mountains), in Nilgiri District, about 150 kilometres (93 mi) north-west of Coimbatore city in Tamil Nadu. It shares its boundaries with the states of Karnataka and Kerala. The sanctuary is divided into five ranges – Masinagudi, Thepakadu, Mudumalai, Kargudi and Nellakota.
The protected area is home to several endangered and vulnerable species including Indian elephant, Bengal tiger, gaur and Indian leopard. There are at least 266 species of birds in the sanctuary, including critically endangered Indian white-rumped vulture and long-billed vulture.
The Western Ghats Nilgiri Sub-Cluster of 6,000 square kilometres (2,300 sq mi), including all of Mudumalai National Park, is under consideration by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee for selection as a World Heritage Site.
Tourism, especially in the Segur/Masinagudi area, is claimed by some to pose a threat to the region, but this is strongly repudiated by persons who live and work in the area. The extensive growth of Invasive species, such as lantana, that hinder the natural regeneration process of the forests has occurred as a result of excessive cattle grazing. Construction activities of the proposed India-based Neutrino Observatory at Singara, Masinagudi, are likely to have significant impacts on the local wildlife. The 5-year work plan, high volume of debris and waste disposal, blasting activities, extensive vehicular activity and large number of outside workers and their support infrastructure all threaten to disrupt the wildlife corridor on the Sigeur plateau, including Mudumalai Sanctuary, connecting the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.
MUDUMALAI TOURIST ACTIVITIES
Maximize recreational experience of the people through various activities.
Minimize the impact of tourism on wildlife and its crucial habitat.
Increase visitors’ concern for nature conservation.
Create a sense of belongingness and public support for the conservation.
Create opportunities for the local people to compensate for their sacrifices for conservation.
Facilities available for tourists
- Vehicle rides in the tourism zone of the core zone
- Elephant safari
- Visit to Interpretation centre at Theppakadu
- Visit to Elephant camp at Theppakadu
Visitors would be taken on a 45 minutes ride through the tourism zone of the Tiger Reserve in buses run by the Tiger reserve management. Visitors should present themselves 1 hour before their turn.
Please note that no private Vehicles are allowed / permitted for safari rides within the Core area of the Tiger Reserve: only department- run vehicles are engaged for safaris.
For availability services of the vehicle safari rides, visitors are requested to approach the new reception centre at Theppakadu, located about 100 meters from the main road; and purchase tickets.The vehicle rides is on first come first serve basis.
Morning: 7.00 AM to 9.00 AM
Evening: 3.00 PM to 5.30 PM
30 minutes elephant safari in the tourism zone.
Current booking undertaken at Theppakadu Reception Range
Elephant rides are subject to dry and favorable weather conditions prevailing.
Morning: 7.00 AM to 8.00 AM
Evening: 4.00 PM to 5.00 PM
Discover the best hotels in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve including Jungle Hut, Treetop Houses, Resorts, Tree hut, Bamboo Houses, Government Guest Houses, Tiger Tracks Holiday Resort – Mudumalai, Masinagudi and Bandipur.
Swiss Tents – Swiss tents are the most comfortable accommodation units located on banks of a fresh water stream running through the jungle offers maximum privacy. The balcony facing the stream provides a complete romantic atmosphere and if you are lucky you may spot the wild animals taking a sip from the stream.
Important points on Do’s and Dont’s in Mudumalai
- Abide by Tiger reserve rules.
- Entry into the Tiger Reserve with permission is allowed during the specified hours only.
- Obtain entrance permission from Reception Range Office at Theppakadu before the safari.
- Don’t enter the park with weapons/explosives/crackers.
- Do not carry any inflammable item with you during park safari.
- Do not carry any kind of radio or musical item with you during the safari.
- Dismounting & eating during safari is strictly not allowed.
- Do not offer any eatable item to the birds or animals.
- Do not chase or tease any animal or bird.
- Do not get down from the vehicle. This is dangerous in the elephant habitat.
- Wait for your turn for the elephant ride and follow instructions of mahaout.
- Don’t carry any forest property with yourself as it will be considered as a criminal offense.
- Consumption of alcoholic drinks and Smoking inside the reserve is strictly forbidden.
- Be aware of fraudulent private jeep safari, they won’t take you into the reserve. So don’t get cheated, always prefer forest department’s vehicle safari.
- Keep your all senses open during the safari and avoid loud conversations.
- It is advisable to wear clothes of colors which match the natural surroundings like khaki, olive green, and some other dull colors.
- Tiger reserve is not zoo: so don’t expect to see wildlife everywhere. Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is breathtaking even in the scenery.
- Wildlife sight-seeing is a matter of chance. In a reserve, don’t expect to see all the animals. Please don’t get disappointed by not seeing the tiger, leopard or other bug jungle rarity. You can happily observe all the smaller interesting animals, birds and plants.
- Polythene bags/Plastic bags, plastic articles like cups, plates, and pet bottles are banned in the Reserve.
- Entry on foot, campfires, music, cooking, and littering within the Reserve is prohibited. Avoid any form of pollution within the Tiger Reserve.
- Use of spot lights, speeding, blowing of horn etc is prohibited. Shouting, teasing, chasing, feeding, and baiting of animals is prohibited.
- The best you can take out of the tiger reserve when you leave is the happy memory of a trip well spent. So make the most of this visit and learn a little more about the world you are a part of.